Portugal now applies a 0% VAT rate to 44 so-called basic necessities. These are food products, fruits (pears, apples, bananas, etc.), vegetables (onions, tomatoes, broccoli, etc.), fish (cod, sardines, hake, etc.), meats(beef, chicken, turkey, etc.) and other products(eggs, butter, etc.)
The measure takes effect in April 2023 and expires on October 31, 2023.